Establishing a Pivot Foot


It becomes a race, and the offensive player gets to say go. If playing against a quicker or active defender, use the jab step first to help set up your attack. The purpose of pivoting is to gain a positional advantage. Learning to pivot in the direction that gives the offensive player positional advantage is an acquired skill. A foot becomes a pivot foot, because it is the last foot to touch the floor, or the other foot leaves the floor first.

floor while holding

A average collection period formula who falls to the floor while holding the ball, or while coming to a stop, may not gain an advantage by sliding. USA Basketball will host youth basketball clinics at Otero Elementary School in Colorado Springs, Colorado, on Wednesday, March 8. The on-court clinics will focus on fundamental skills in a fun environment for players of all levels and abilities.

They also have to shoot or pass the ball within five seconds. Let’s say the player catches the ball with one foot in contact with the ground. This could take place while dribbling or receiving a pass while progressing. The next foot to touch the ground represents the first step. In basketball, players in possession of the ball have a limited range of moves they can perform without being penalized.

Can You Pivot Then Dribble in a Basketball Game?

Coaches vary on this, but we teach our perimeter players that if they are right-handed, the left foot should be the pivot foot, and lefties should use the right foot as the pivot foot. We believe this is simple and the most natural, athletic way for most players. Perhaps the most important reason for younger players to learn pivoting is that it gives them better control over their movements without being penalized for traveling. Furthermore, it’s a crucial element of many advanced techniques, including the triple threat position.

  • In starting a dribble after receiving the ball while standing still, or coming to a legal stop, the ball must be out of the player’s hand before the pivot foot is raised off the floor.
  • To execute the jump stop, simply get both feet airborne, land with both feet touching the floor simultaneously and immediately drop into a ready position stance to help regain balance.
  • Additionally, if a basketball player finds themselves in a tight spot, pivoting can help buy them some time to find an open teammate to pass the ball to.
  • Left-handed shooters starter to the right of the hoop.
  • Coaches should explain the basic concepts as detailed previously, and provide a short demonstration of how it should be done.

If you get beaten in the open floor, don’t just yell for help… On one foot followed by the other, the first foot to touch is the pivot. Simultaneously on both feet, either foot may be the pivot. There are two ways to stop, the one-two step landing and the jump-stop. On this site, I am sharing with you everything that I have learned in my 15-years of a basketball career. Players may decide which foot to make the pivot before dribbling or after picking up the ball after dribbling.

Basketball Moves: Front Pivot

If the player receives the ball in the air, the next foot to touch the ground is considered the first step. The ball should then be released before the player takes a second step and begins dribbling. If the player receives the ball with one foot touching the ground and progressing, the next foot to touch the ground represents the first step. However, if they are standing still while in possession of the ball, they can perform a certain maneuver that allows them to change direction. It’s called “pivoting”, and it could be one of the most useful techniques a player could learn. You can lift your pivot foot off the floor only if you immediately pass or shoot the ball before having it touch the floor again.

It is very important to actually be trying to beat the defender by exploding into a first step. This move should be done only if you read the defender and realize that you have not created a positional advantage. Place a chair, foul line extended, 15 feet out with the seat facing the basket. The easiest way to create an opportunity to score is to create space. The defense’s goal is to prevent the offense from scoring.

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A movement in which a player with the ball steps once or more in any direction with the same foot while the other foot is kept at its point of contact with the floor. Dribbling is the act of bouncing the ball to the court with one hand without interruption. It ends the moment you interrupt that bouncing by touching the ball simultaneously with two hands or by allowing it to come to rest a) hold the ball, b) move it laterally ; or c) rotate it .

Offensive Stance

Pivot Foot helps you rotate the chair and work with different angles more easily. Here is the complete breakdown of basketball pivoting. Player on the floor and holding ball, stands up without dribbling. This is legal by NBA/WNBA rules, but illegal by NFHS/NCAA/FIBA rules. Also calledpivotman.the player who plays in the pivot position. If he fails to follow these guidelines, he has committed a traveling violation.

Building a skill set of solid footwork techniques can help ensure the proper development of 12-year-old youth players and high school players. After inside pivot and sweep, player executes a counter move as if he has been cut off by the defense. Counter move can be a change dribble (crossover, etc.), pivot (drop-step a la Tim Duncan or step-thru) or shot adjustment (step-back jumper). The back pivot is best applied within the scoring area near the rim.

Combining the ready position, crossover, jump step and two-foot jump-stop is a highly effective and disruptive use of proper defensive footwork. This move is highly effective in protecting the basketball when trapped by two defenders. A player utilizing a pivot foot and adding a pass fake becomes very difficult to contain in a trap. This helps players trapped at half court or in a full-court press. Post players and rebounders also benefit from straight-line pivots and pass fakes to make outlet passes when trapped. Perimeter players use straight line pivots on the perimeter attack moves, such as a jab step, to set up a shot or drive.

He tries to spin around to pass, but drags his pivot foot and gets called for traveling. Since the optimal pivot foot changes depending on the situation, it’s best to have your players practice pivoting on both feet from the beginning. Keep in mind that right-handed players will naturally gravitate towards using their left foot as the pivot foot and vice versa for left-handed players.

Have them move right, left, forward and backward using correct sliding and stance, and no crossing of the feet. Get under the basket and jump straight up and see how high you can get on the backboard or net. Bend at the knees and waist, weight forward a little on the balls of the feet.

Traveling is a violation in basketball that will be called on you if you violate the rules of dribbling.An example of traveling is lifting your pivot foot off the floor. When pivoting, you must keep your pivot foot rooted on the floor. If you do not, your team will lose the ball, and you will return to defense. This is considered a legal move and will result in them taking two steps before coming to a stop. The player is then able to make their pass or shoot the ball.


Pivoting allows the player to change directions after picking up the ball from dribbling. A pivot should only be used to gain a positional or tactical advantage like maintaining balance, to get away from the opposing player or to protect the basketball. Once in the ready position following a two-foot jump stop, either foot may be used as the pivot foot. Virtually every basketball movement requires or can be enhanced with proper pivoting. We have called it a « Nash » in the past after Steve Nash, who I first learned it from. The back pivot is by definition a front pivot on the back foot.

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Inexperienced players often struggle with control issues, whether involving the ball or their own movements. Learning how to pivot effectively can help with these concerns, enabling players to handle the ball and play more effectively. Pivoting can be useful in a wide range of scenarios, from setting up scoring opportunities to evading defensive guards, or even maneuvering into a more advantageous position. Watch some videos of Kobe Bryant or Hakeem Olajuwon, and see how pivoting masters use the move to clear up space or avoid defenders. If the player catches the ball with one foot on the court, that foot is the pivot. Some coaches must not realize this, but a player who learns to properly pivot as early as possible will be at a huge advantage later on.

  • The ball-handler can choose their pivot foot or have it automatically be assigned by the way they catch the ball.
  • Everyone wants to practice shooting, or just go out and play games.
  • The back pivot individual offensive scoring move can help an offensive player create space.
  • I’m not going to try to persuade you when not to call traveling.

Giannis gathers the ball with his left foot and is allowed two step in any direction. A player who attempts a field goal may not be the first to touch the ball if it fails to touch the backboard, basket ring or another player. The second step occurs after the first step when the other foot touches the floor, or both feet touch the floor simultaneously. Many basketball coaches and players prefer to aim at the top corner of the backboard. Think of chair drills or especially the Mikan drill, only stretched out. It may prove helpful to research the « Mikan Drills » even if you think you know how to do all of them.

The moment the ball comes to rest in your hand, you end your dribble. Dribbling again after the ball comes to rest is a double dribble, a violation. It would, however, make 95 percent of all the situations you’ll see easy to identify and penalize correctly; you can be ready for the others as special cases. Traveling begins with a definitionand then lapses quickly into a philosophical discussion, using words like game interrupter, tickytack and blind SOB. I’m not going to try to persuade you when not to call traveling. Instead, we’ll first go on a trip through principles and perhaps remind ourselves of a couple of details that might make future plays simpler to cover.

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